BIOL 237

Arthrology Sample Questions




1. When the radius medially rotates from anatomical position, the movement of the hand is described as: 

(A) supination,   (B) pronation,   (C) inversion,   (D) eversion.  



2 through 7  Matching: Answers may be used more than once or not at all.

            (A) collateral ligament,   (B) posterior cruciate ligament,   (C) anterior cruciate ligament,

            (D) retinaculum,   (E) ligamentum teres,    (F) meniscus,   (G) bursa


2. An intracapsular structure which cushions the joint.

3. An intracapsular ligament which helps to prevent posterior sliding of the femur against the tibia.

4. Both the knee and elbow have this to prevent medial or lateral movement.

5. One of these helps prevents the patella from moving laterally out of position

6. Ligament which helps to stabilize the head of the femur.

7. This helps reduce friction when tendons and ligaments move against one another


Text Box:  
Figure 1 Lateral View



8. The action illustrated in Figure 1 in which the thigh is raised anteriorly as shown

            is           of the hip:     (A) flexion,   (B) extension,   (C) abduction,   (D) adduction.


9. Which of the following would be an agonist in the above action:

            (A) gluteus maximus,   (B) gluteus minimus,   (C) piriformis,   (D) iliopsoas,  

            (E) tensor fascia latae.


10. An antagonist to #9 specifically forceful in running, climbing, and jumping would be:

            (A) gluteus maximus,   (B) gluteus minimus,   (C) piriformis,   (D) iliopsoas,  

Figure 1

Lateral View

                                    (E) tensor fascia latae.




Text Box:



11. The movement illustrated by Figure 2 in which the chin is raised from the chest to put the head in anatomical position is            of the head.

            (A) flexion,   (B) extension,   (C) abduction,   (D) adduction.


12. Which of the following would be a prime mover of the head in the above action:

            (A) splenius capitus acting bilaterally,   (B) sternocleidomastoid acting bilaterlly,  

            (C) splenius capitus acting unilaterally,   (D) sternocleidomastoid acting unilaterally.


13. What muscle would be a synergist with #24:

Figure 2

Lateral View

            (A) upper trapezius,   (B) pectoralis minor,   (C) coracobrachialis,   (D) the scalenes.





14. The prime mover in abducting the femur is the:

            (A) rectus femoris,   (B) tensor fascia latae,   (C) biceps femoris,   (D) sartorius.


15. Which of the following acts synergistically with #14 in placing the leg when walking:

            (A) gluteus minimus,   (B) gracilis,   (C) iliopsoas,   (D) vastus lateralis.  


16.  Uniaxial joints can:

            (A) flex,   (B) extend,   (C) abduct,   (D) adduct,   (E) all of the above,   (F) A and B only,

(G) B and C only.


17. The intervertebral discs and symphysis pubis are both:

(A) symphyses,   (B) amphiarthroses,   (C) syndesmoses,   (D) synchondroses,  

            (E) All of the above,   (F) A and B only.