BIOL 237

Sample Questions

The Brain and Cranial Nerves


1 through 7 Matching: Answers may be used more than once or not at all.

            (A) vagus,   (B) glossopharyngeal,   (C) facial,   (D) oculomotor,   (E) abducens,

            (F) Both A and B,   (G) Both B and C,   (H) Both D and E,   (I) A, B, C, and D.


1. Part of the sensory component of cardiac control.

2. Produces salivation.

3. Sensory from the taste buds.

4. Controls the heart at all times in the absence of stress.

5. Controls the lateral rectus muscle of the eye.

6. Controls the medial rectus muscle of the eye

7. Produces secretion of GI tract glands.



8. A voluntary stimulus to pucker the lips originates in the:

            (A) superior pre-central gyrus,   (B) inferior pre-central gyrus,   (C) superior post-central gyrus,

            (D) inferior post-central gyrus,   (E) pre-motor cotex.


9.  The stimulus which puckers the lips travels through the:

            (A) trigeminal nerve,   (B) facial nerve,   (C) oculomotor nerve,   (D) vagus nerve,   (E) phrenic nerve.


10. Cerebrospinal fluid is absorbed from the:

            (A) arachnoid villi,   (B) choroid plexus,   (C) septum pellucidum,   (D) pineal body,   (E) falx cerebri.


11. Impulses from the retina of one eye travel to the:

            (A) visual cortex on the opposite side of the brain,   (B) visual cortex on the same side of the brain,

            (C) visual cortex on both sides of the brain.


12. The              is the part of the limbic system related to short term memory :

            (A) basal nuclei,   (B) hippocampus,   (C) hypothalamus,   (D) pre-motor cortex,   (E) amygdala.


13. The _____ are fiber tracts connecting the thalamus to the cerebral cortex.

            (A) basal nuclei,   (B) corticospinal tracts,   (C) fornix,   (D) corona radiata,   (E) spinothalamic tracts.


14. The _____ is the center for fear pathways and related responses by the limbic system.

            (A) basal nuclei,   (B) hippocampus,   (C) hypothalamus,   (D) pre-motor cortex,   (E) amygdala.


15. Blood vessels leading to the _____ are dilated by the sympathetic nervous system during “fight or flight”:

            (A) heart,   (B) skeletal muscles,   (C) eccrine sweat glands,   (D) all of the above,   (E) A and B only.


16.  The center for both interpretation and elaboration of language (both incoming and outgoing pathways) is:

            (A) thalamus,     (B) Broca’s area,   (C) cerebellum,   (D) basal nuclei,   (E) Wernicke’s area.


17. Insufficient absorption of cerebrospinal fluid causes:

            (A) glaucoma,   (B) hydrocephalus,   (C) Huntington’s disease,   (D) Parkinson’s disease.


18. Visual stimuli would travel to which of the following:

            (A) occipital cortex,   (B) superior colliculi of the midbrain,   (C) thalamus,  

            (D) all of the above,   (E) A and B only,   (F) A and C only,   (G) B and C only.


19. Most endocrine functions are ultimately controlled by the:

            (A) thalamus,     (B) hypothalamus,   (C) cerebellum,   (D) basal nuclei,   (E) pineal gland.


20. Personality as well as advance planning of motor functions resides in the:

            (A) pre-motor cortex,   (B) basal nuclei,   (C) pre-frontal lobes,   (D) pre-central gyrus,   (E) thalamus.


21. “Upper motor neurons” originate in the:

            (A) pre-motor cortex,   (B) basal nuclei,   (C) pre-frontal lobes,   (D) pre-central gyrus,   (E) thalamus.



22. Through 26 Matching: Answers are used once only.

            (A) medulla oblongata,   (B) basal nuclei,   (C) pre-frontal cortex,   (D) corpora quadrigemina,   (E) pons


22. Part of brain involved in functions which are part voluntary and part involuntary, such as urination.

23. Part of brain in which advance planning and reasoning occurs.

24. Facilitates reflexes, especially those that involve repetitive movements of a skilled nature.

25. The blinking reflex is centered in a portion of this area of the brain.                                                              

26. Center for control of the heart and blood pressure.



27, 28. Insufficient production of ___27___ (use A-E) by neurons originating in the ___28___ (use F-I) produces

            Parkinson’s disease.

            (A) acetylcholine,   (B) glutamate,   (C) dopamine,   (D) L-dopa,   (E) GABA

            (F) basal nuclei,   (G) substantia nigra,   (H) Broca’s area,   (I) pre-central gyrus.


29. The formation of amyloid plaques and tangles of tau protein are characteristic of:

            (A) Parkinson’s disease,   (B) Huntington’s disease,   (C) Alzheimer’s disorder,   (D) dyxlexia


30. The          separates the temporal from the parietal lobes:

            (A) longitudinal fissure,   (B) central sulcus,   (C) transverse fissure,   (D) corpus callosum,  

            (E) lateral fissure.